Here is a segment of what significant events happened on this day in history.
- April 27, 1981- Xerox PARC introduces the first computer mouse;
PARC (Palo Alto Research Center; formerly Xerox PARC) is a research and development company in Palo Alto, California. Founded in 1969 by Jacob E. “Jack” Goldman, chief scientist of Xerox Corporation, the company was originally a division of Xerox, tasked with creating computer technology-related products and hardware systems.
It was the third marketed version of an integrated mouse intended for personal computer navigation.
Xerox Alto was the first modern computer to use a mouse.
- April 27, 2005 – Airbus A380 aircraft had its maiden test flight.
Airbus A380 aircraft is a wide body airliner developed by Airbus.
Airbus airliner is the world’s largest passenger airline.
Airbus took its first flight on 27 April 2005. After that, it gained its type certificate from the European Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) and the US Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) on 12 December 2006.
It was first given to Singapore Airlines on 15 October 2007. It joined service on 25 October.
- April 27, 2018- The Panmunjom Declaration is signed between North and South Korea, officially announcing their intent to end the Korean conflict.
On April 27, 2018, The Panmunjom Declaration was signed between the Supreme Leader of North Korea, Kim Jong-un, and the President of South Korea, Moon Jae-in, in order to promote peace, prosperity and reunification of the Korean Peninsula. The declaration was adopted during the 2018 inter-Korean Summit on the South Korean side of the Peace House in the Joint Security Area.
According to the declaration, the governments of North Korea and South Korea agreed to unite on officially ending the Korean War and the Korean conflict, initiating a new era of peace and sharing commitments to ending divisions and confrontation by approaching a new era of national reconciliation, peace, reunification and prosperity and improvements to inter-Korean communication and relations.
- April 27, 1805- First Barbary War: United States Marines and Berbers attack the Tripolitan city of Derna.
The First Barbary War (1801–1805), also known as the Tripolitan War and the Barbary Coast War, was the first of two Barbary Wars.
In this war, the United States and Sweden fought against the four North African states known collectively as the “Barbary States”.
April–May 1805, the Battle of Derna was a pivotal point in the war. Ex-consul William Eaton, a former Army captain who used the title of “general”, and the United States Marine Corps 1st Lieutenant Presley O’Bannon led a force of eight U.S. Marines and five hundred mercenaries—Greeks from Crete, Arabs, and Berbers—on a march across the desert from Alexandria, Egypt, to capture the Tripolitan city of Derna. This was the first time the United States flag was raised in victory on foreign soil. The action is memorialized in a line of the Marines’ Hymn—”the shores of Tripoli”. The capturing of the city gave American negotiators leverage in securing the return of hostages and the end of the war.
- April 27, 1861- American President Abraham Lincoln suspends the writ of habeas corpus.
Habeas corpus is a recourse in law through which a person can report an unlawful detention or imprisonment to a court and request that the court order the custodian of the person, usually a prison official, to bring the prisoner to court, to determine whether the detention is lawful.
The writ of habeas corpus was described as a “great and efficacious writ in all manner of illegal confinement” in the eighteenth century by William Blackstone
Information source – Wikipedia