President of India: Constitutional Head

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The President of India is the head of state of the Republic of India. The President is the symbolic head of the executive. Apart from being the first citizen of the country, the President is also the Commander-in-Chief of the Indian Armed Forces. Rajendra Prasad was the first President of India who assumed office on January 26, 1950. Smt. Draupadi Murmu is the 15th and current President, who was sworn in on 25 July 2022.

The post of ‘President’ is described in Article 52 to Article 62 of the Indian Constitution. These articles describe everything from the qualifications and duties of becoming President to his election and impeachment.

In the words of Dr. Bhimrao Ambedkar, “The President has the same position under the draft Constitution as the King has under the English Constitution. He is the head of the state but not of the executive. He represents the nation but does not rule the nation. He is the symbol of the nation. Their place in the administration is like a formal instrument on a seal by which the decisions of the nation are communicated.”

List of Indian President

Name Tenure
Rajendra Prasad
Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan May 1962 – 13 May 1967
Zakir Hussain May 1967 – 3 May 1969
VV Giri (Acting President) May 1969 – 20 July 1969
Mohammad Hidayatullah (Acting President) July 1969 to 24 August 1969
V.V Giri August 1969 – 24 August 1974
Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed August 1974 – 11 February 1977
Basappa Danappa Jatti (Acting President) February 1977 – 25 July 1977
Neelam Sanjiva Reddy July 1977 – 25 July 1982
Giani Zail Singh July 1982 – 25 July 1987
R Venkataraman July 1987 – 25 July 1992
Shankar Dayal Sharma July 1992 – 25 July 1997
K R Narayanan July 1997 – 25 July 2002
APJ Abdul Kalam July 2002 – 25 July 2007
Pratibha Patil July 2007 – 25 July 2012
Pranab Mukherjee July – 25 July 2017
Ram Nath Kovind July 2017 – 21 July 2022
Draupadi Murmu 21 July 2022-Incumbent

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