India stated that it remains dedicated to the bilateral resolution of disputes and that it will consider Pakistan’s ideas made during the Permanent Indus Commission meeting.
According to Indian authorities from the Indus Water Commission, India’s projects are entirely compatible with the rules of the Indus Water Treaty (IWT).
The authorities informed their Pakistani colleagues that they would continue providing flood statistics and visiting the Indus basin.
People familiar with the situation told news agency PTI that during the Permanent Indus Commission’s 118th meeting, which ended on Tuesday in New Delhi, it was decided to provide information on unusual reservoir discharges and flood flows in response to Pakistan’s request for advance flood information during the coming flood season.
There were no technical talks between the delegations led by AK Pal, Indian Commissioner for Indus Waters, and Syed Muhammad Mehar Ali Shah, Pakistan Commissioner for Indus Waters.
According to the sources quoted above, no conversations were held about Pakistan’s concerns about the design of Indian hydropower dams on Western rivers.
The Indian delegation informed its colleagues that the projects are in full conformity with the IWT’s requirements and that it will consider the Pakistani side’s recommendation during the 117th meeting.
They also stated that the commissioners would often contact and address concerns through bilateral meetings under the Indus Water Treaty.
The IWT agreement signed between India and Pakistan in the year 1960 designates the waters coming from the eastern rivers-the Sutlej, Beas, and Ravi (totaling around 33 million acre-feet (MAF)) for India’s unrestricted use, while the waters belonging to the western rivers, i.e., the Indus, Jhelum, and Chenab (totaling around 135 MAF annually) are assigned to Pakistan.
Indus Water Treaty 1960:
The significant Indus River and the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi, Beas, and Sutlej rivers make up the Indus system. The basin is mainly shared by India and Pakistan, with China and Afghanistan each having a tiny portion.
All of the waters of three rivers, the Ravi, Sutlej, and Beas (Eastern Rivers), were granted to India for exclusive usage by a treaty made between India and Pakistan in 1960.
The waters of the Western rivers-the Indus, Jhelum, and Chenab-were allotted to Pakistan, except for specific household, non-consumptive, and agricultural uses allowed by the Treaty.
India has also been granted the ability to produce hydroelectricity on the Western Rivers through run-of-river (RoR) projects that are unrestricted, subject to particular design and operating conditions.