Shivaji Jayanti

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Shivaji Jayanti

Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Jayanti or Shivaji Jayanti is the birth anniversary of Maratha king Shivaji in honor of the founder of the Maratha Kingdom. He was the first Chhatrapati of the Marathas who established Hindavi Swarajya or “Self-Rule of the hindavi people”. 19 February marks an official or public holiday in the Indian state of Maharashtra which is popularly known as Shivaji festival or Shiv Jayanti.

Shivaji Jayanti is celebrated twice in the year. As per the Samvat Hindu calendar Shivaji was born on the third day of Phalgun Krishna Paksha, 1551 of the Shalivahan Shaka at the Shivneri Fort  (Maharashtra state of India) whereas according to the Gregorian calendar Shivaji was born on 19 February 1630. 

It was first celebrated in 1870 by the British colonial government in the Bombay Presidency as a way to honor Shivaji’s contribution to the region’s territory. Shivaji was a brave and visionary leader who introduced several innovative reforms and policies including the creation of a powerful navy.

Shivaji Jayanti Shivaji Jayanti
Shivaji Jayanti 15

 In 1870, Mahatma Phule was the first person who initiated Shiv Jayanti in commemoration of the birth anniversary of Shivaji Maharaj and was first celebrated in Pune, marking the beginning of this tradition.  Subsequently, Bal Gangadhar Tilak played a pivotal role in advancing this observance.

Shivaji Maharaj Birth Anniversary

Official NameChhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj
Also calledShiv Jayanti, Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj Birth Anniversary.
Observed byPredominantly Maharashtrian and also Indians throughout the World.
Liturgical color Saffron(Bhagwa) representing the Flag of the Hindavi Swarajya
TypeHistoric, nationalistic
SignificanceCelebrates the birth anniversary of Chattrapati Shivaji Maharaj.
Celebrations1 Day
Observances2 times a year 
DateFebruary 19th
Frequency Annual 
Related to Shivaji I, Maratha Empire

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