Real Name – Rambola Dubey Guru - Narharidas Adorable - Shri Ramchandra, Lord Shiva Birth – 11 August 1532 Shravan Shukla Saptami Tulsidas Jayanti Place of Birth – Rajpur in Banda district of Uttar Pradesh Death – 31 July 1623, Assi Ghat, Varanasi Marital Status – Married Language - Period, Sanskrit Father – Atmaram Shukla Dubey Mother – Hulsi Famous texts/compositions - Ramcharitmanas, Parvati-Mangal, Vinay-Patrika, Geetavali, Krishna-Geetavali, Janaki-Mangal, Ramlalanhchhu, Dohavali, Vairagyasandipani, Ramagyaprashna, Satsai, Barvai Ramayana, Kavitavali, Hanuman Bahuk.
One of the most celebrated personalities in the Indian literary and spiritual world, Goswami Tulsidas holds a unique place in the hearts of millions of people. His devotion to life and the power of poetry are proof of his lasting legacy. Born in the 16th century, Tulsidas is best known for his magnum opus, “Ramcharitmanas”, an epic based on the life of Lord Shri Ram.
Tulsidas was born on the Saptami of Shukla Paksha of Shravan month according to the lunar Hindu calendar. Although at least three places are mentioned as his birthplace, most scholars identify the place as Soron in Kasganj district of Uttar Pradesh, a town situated on the banks of the river Ganges. In 2012, Soron was officially declared the birthplace of Tulsi Das by the Government of Uttar Pradesh. Mrs. Hulsi and Atmaram Dubey were his parents.
Tulsidas died at the age of 111 on July 31, 1623 (Shravan month of Vikram 1680) at Assi Ghat on the banks of river Ganga. Like the year of his birth, traditional accounts and biographers do not agree on the exact date of his death.
Why is Tulsidas called Goswami?
Tulsidas ji is known as Goswami Tulsidas ji. Goswami means the one who controls the senses, the master of the senses i.e. Jitendriya. Tulsidas ji, after being rebuked by his religious wife, became a monk after becoming disillusioned with worldly attachments. That means he became Jitendriya or Goswami. In this context, Tulsidas ji started being honored with the title of Goswami.
Works of Goswami Tulsidas
Every creation of Goswami ji is unique in itself and is imprinted on the minds of common people. Let us know about some of them through this article.
Ramcharitmanas: A literary masterpiece
Tulsidas’s crowning achievement is undoubtedly “Ramcharitmanas”, a poetic retelling of the Ramayana. This epic is written in the Awadhi dialect and consists of seven kandas (sections), each dedicated to a different phase of Lord Rama’s life.
What separates “Ramcharitmanas” from the rest of Ramkatha is its reach; Tulsidas wrote it in the local language, due to which it reached the wider public. “Ramcharitmanas” is a classic that not only tells the heroic story of Lord Rama but also imparts valuable moral and spiritual lessons.
Shri Hanuman Chalisa
“Shri Hanuman Chalisa”, a devotional hymn dedicated to Shri Hanuman Ji Maharaj, is another gem from Tulsidas’ treasure trove. This work is a powerful expression of Goswami Tulsidas’s devotion to Sri Hanuman Ji Maharaj, it is revered for its simplicity and deep spiritual significance, with millions of devotees reciting it regularly.
Vinay-Patrika is a collection of 279 stotra songs of Tulsidas. These verses contain praises of Ram along with praises of Ganesha, Surya, Shiva, Parvati, Ganga, Yamuna, Kashi, Chitrakoot, Hanuman, Lakshman, Bharat, Shatrughan, Sita and Vindu Madhav, a deity of Vishnu. The posts of Vinay Patrika, despite being free, are bound in a fixed order. Vinaypatrika is considered to be the best Indian book full of devotion.
Legacy and influence
The influence of Goswami Tulsidas extended beyond religious and literary boundaries. His teachings on the path of devotion, spirituality, morality and righteousness continue to inspire people from all walks of life. His works are timeless and remain a source of guidance and inspiration. Even today his works are a means of reaching divine power for millions of people.