Lata Mangeshkar was one of the most iconic and influential playback singers in the history of Indian music. Born on September 28, 1929, in Indore, India, her career spanned more than seven decades, enthralling audiences with her melodious voice and versatile singing.
Early life and family
Lata Mangeshkar was born in a family interested in music. In childhood, she was named ‘Hema Mangeshkar’. His father, Deenanath Mangeshkar, was a classical singer and theater actor, and his mother, Shevanti, was also a singer. Lata was the eldest of five siblings and her family’s deep connection to music laid the foundation for her future career.
Lata faced many challenges when she started her musical journey. His father’s demise left him with the responsibility of supporting himself through his singing. She started her career as an actress in Marathi films, but soon made her mark as a playback singer.
His early years were full of difficulties. In later years, Lata Mangeshkar sang more than 30,000 songs in more than 20 languages.
What set Lata Mangeshkar apart was her incredible versatility. He sang effortlessly between different musical genres, from classical and semi-classical to ghazals and popular songs. His ethereal voice presented a wide range of emotional expressions in Indian film music. Some of her most iconic songs include “Lag Ja Gale,” “Aye Mere Watan Ke Logo,” “Tere Bina Zindagi Se Koi,” and “Aap Ki Nazaron Ne Samjha.”
Demise and legacy
Lata Mangeshkar left an indelible legacy when she passed away on February 6, 2021. People around the world mourned his death and paid tribute. He will always be remembered for his unique contribution to Indian music and cinema.
Lata Mangeshkar’s extraordinary talent has been honored with many awards and honors. She received India’s highest civilian award, the Bharat Ratna, in 2001, becoming the first playback singer to receive this honour. She was also a recipient of the Dadasaheb Phalke Award, Padma Bhushan and many other national and international awards.
Lata Mangeshkar’s life is a remarkable story of talent. She became not only a music legend but also a cultural icon. His songs, with their timeless melodies and soulful lyrics, continue to captivate the hearts of music lovers. Because of these songs, the nightingales of India have kept their voices alive in the annals of music history.
Government of India Awards
- In the year 1969, the Government of India awarded him the Padma Bhushan.
- In the year 1989, for the second time the Government of India honored the Dadasaheb Phalke Award.
- In the year 1999, Lata ji was honored with Padma Vibhushan.
- In the year 2001, awarded Bharat Ratna (India’s highest honour).
- In the year 2008, Lata ji was honored with the “Lifetime Achievement Award” to commemorate the 60th anniversary of India’s independence.
National Film Awards
- In the year 1972, Best Female Playback Singer Award for the song in the film Parichay.
- In the year 1974, Best Female Playback Singer Award for the song in the film “Kora Kagaz”.
- In the year 1990, she received the Best Female Playback Singer Award for the song from the film Lekin.
- In the year 1959, Best Female Playback Singer Award – for the song “Aaja Re Pardesi” (Madhumati).
- In the year 1963, Best Female Playback Singer Award, she received this award for the song “Kahin Deep Jale Kahin Dil” (Twenty Saal Baad).
- In the year 1966, Best Female Playback Singer for the song “Tumhi Mere Mandir, Tumhi Meri Pooja” (Khanadaan).
- In the year 1970, Best Female Playback Singer for the song “Aap Mujhe Achhe Lagne Lage” (Jeene Ki Raah).
- In the year 1994, was awarded the Filmfare Lifetime Achievement Award.
- In the year 1995, Filmfare Special Award was awarded for the song “Didi Tera Dewar Deewana” (from the film: Hum Aapke Hain Koun).
Maharashtra State Film Awards
- In the year 1966, Best Playback Singer Award was given for the film “Sadhi Manasam”.
- In the year 1977, she received the Best Playback Singer Award for the film “Jait Re Jait”.
- In the year 1997, awarded the Maharashtra Bhushan Award. In the year 2001, awarded the Maharashtra Ratna (first recipient).
Bharat Ratna Award List
|Bharat Ratna 1954||C. Rajagopalachari||Activist, statesman, and lawyer|
|Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan||India’s first Vice-President and second President|
|C. V. Raman||Physicists, mathematicians, and scientists|
|Bharat Ratna 1955||Bhagwan Das||Activist, philosopher, and educationist|
|M. Visvesvaraya||Civil engineer, statesman, and Diwan of Mysore|
|Jawaharlal Nehru||Activist and author served as the Prime Minister of India|
|Bharat Ratna 1957||Govind Ballabh Pant||Activist and first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh|
|Bharat Ratna 1958||Dhondo Keshav Karve||Social reformer and educator|
|Bharat Ratna 1961||Bidhan Chandra Roy||Physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker|
|Purushottam Das Tandon||Activist and speaker of the United Provinces Legislative Assembly|
|Bharat Ratna 1962||Rajendra Prasad||Activist, lawyer, statesman, and scholar|
|Bharat Ratna 1963||Zakir Husain||Activist, economist, and education philosopher served as a Vice-Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University and the Governor of Bihar|
|Pandurang Vaman Kane||Indologist and Sanskrit scholar, known for his five-volume literary work|
|Bharat Ratna 1966||Lal Bahadur Shastri||Activist and served as the second Prime Minister of India|
|Bharat Ratna 1971||Indira Gandhi||First women Prime Minister of India|
|Bharat Ratna 1975||V. V. Giri||Trade Unionist|
|Bharat Ratna 1976||K. Kamaraj||Independence activist and statesman, former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu|
|Bharat Ratna 1980||Mother Teresa||Catholic nun and the founder of the Missionaries of Charity.|
|1983||Vinoba Bhave||Activist, social reformer, and a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi|
|Bharat Ratna 1987||Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan||First noncitizen, independence activist|
|Bharat Ratna 1988||M. G. Ramachandran||Actor turned politician, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu|
|Bharat Ratna 1990||B.R. Ambedkar||Social reformer and leader of the Dalits|
|Nelson Mandela||Leader of the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa, President of South Africa|
|Bharat Ratna 1991||Rajiv Gandhi||Gandhi was the ninth Prime Minister of India serving from 1984 to 1989.|
|Vallabhbhai Patel||Activist and first Deputy Prime Minister of India|
|Morarji Desai||Activist, and Prime Minister of India|
|Bharat Ratna 1992||Abul Kalam Azad||Activist and first Minister of education|
|J. R. D. Tata||Industrialist, philanthropist, and aviation pioneer|
|Satyajit Ray||Director, filmmaker, writer, novelist|
|Bharat Ratna 1997||Gulzarilal Nanda||Activist, and interim Prime Minister of India.|
|Aruna Asaf Ali||Activist|
|A.P.J Abdul Kalam||Aerospace and defense scientist|
|Bharat Ratna 1998||M. S. Subbulakshmi||Carnatic classical vocalist|
|Chidambaram Subramaniam||Activist and former Minister of Agriculture of India|
|Bharat Ratna 1999||Jayaprakash Narayan||Activist, and social reformer|
|Ravi Shankar||Musician, sitar player|
|Bharat Ratna 2001||Lata Mangeshkar||Singer|
|Bismillah Khan||Hindustani classical shehnai player|
|Bharat Ratna 2009||Bhimsen Joshi||Hindustani classical vocalist|
|Bharat Ratna 2014||C. N. R. Rao||Chemist and professor, author|
|Bharat Ratna 2015||Madan Mohan Malaviya||Scholar and educational reformer.|
|Atal Bihari Bajpayee||Elected nine times to the Lok Sabha, twice to the Rajya Sabha, and served as the Prime Minister of India for three terms.|
|Bharat Ratna 2019||Pranab Mukherjee||Indian politician, and senior leader in the Indian National Congress.|
|Nanaji Deshmukh||A social activist from India, education, health, and rural self-reliance.|
|Bhupen Hazarika||Indian playback singer, lyricist, musician, singer, poet, and filmmaker from Assam.|