India has always been the land of knowledge and science. Even today, be it DRDO, BARC, ISRO or NTRO, their achievements are making the country proud. These scientific achievements stand on the foundation of the achievements of many scientists and mathematicians. One such scientist was Chandrashekhar Venkataraman, famously known as CV Raman.
C.V. Raman was an Indian physicist. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for Physics in 1930.
Raman was born on November 7, 1888 in Tiruchirappalli, southern India. His parents were Chandrasekhar Ramanathan Iyer and Parvati Ammal. His father was a lecturer in mathematics and physics, so he was immersed in an academic environment from early on. He joined the Presidency College, Madras in 1902 and graduated with a B.A. in 1904. passed to. B.A. In this examination he won first place and gold medal in Physics. In the year 1907, he obtained M.A. with highest distinction. Received degree of_.
After earning a master’s degree in physics from the Presidency College of the University of Madras in 1907, Raman became an accountant in the Finance Department of the Government of India. Although his office occupied most of his time, Raman found opportunities to conduct experimental research in the laboratory of the Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science in Calcutta (of which he became honorary secretary in 1919).
In 1917 he taught as Professor of Physics at the University of Calcutta. After 15 years in Calcutta he became professor at IISc-B of the Indian Institute of Science (1933–1948) in Bangalore, and in 1948 he became director of the Raman Institute of Research in Bangalore, which he himself had founded.
In the year 1930, he received the ‘Nobel Prize’ for his research on light, which was later called ‘Raman Effect’. In 1954, he was awarded ‘Bharat Ratna’ by the Government of India.
While working in the laboratory in 1970, he suffered a massive heart attack. On November 21, 1970, he breathed his last at the Raman Research Institute. The works and achievements of Sir Chandrashekhar Venkata Raman will always inspire present and future scientists.
C.V. Raman Biography
|November 7, 1888
|Birth, Tiruchchirāppalli (India)
|Obtained BSc degree in Physics, Presidency College, University of Madras, Chennai (India)
|Initially decided to pursue a non-scientific career, Indian Finance Department
|Obtained MA degree, Presidency College, University of Madras, Chennai (India)
|Palit Chair of Physics, University of Calcutta, Kolkata (India)
|Honorary Secretary, Indian Association for the Cultivation of Science, Kolkata (India).
|Published “Molecular Diffraction of Light”
|Fellow, Royal Society
|Discovered the Radiation Effect, now called the Raman Effect
|Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics “for his work on the scattering of light and for the discovery of the effect named after him”
|1933 – 1948
|Professor of Physics, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore (India)
|Director and Founder, Raman Research Institute, Bangalore (India)
|He was awarded the Bharat Ratna
|Awarded by Lenin Peace Prize
|Death, Bangalore (India)
Bharat Ratna Award List
|Bharat Ratna 1954
|Activist, statesman, and lawyer
|India’s first Vice-President and second President
|C. V. Raman
|Physicists, mathematicians, and scientists
|Bharat Ratna 1955
|Activist, philosopher, and educationist
|Civil engineer, statesman, and Diwan of Mysore
|Activist and author served as the Prime Minister of India
|Bharat Ratna 1957
|Govind Ballabh Pant
|Activist and first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
|Bharat Ratna 1958
|Dhondo Keshav Karve
|Social reformer and educator
|Bharat Ratna 1961
|Bidhan Chandra Roy
|Physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker
|Purushottam Das Tandon
|Activist and speaker of the United Provinces Legislative Assembly
|Bharat Ratna 1962
|Activist, lawyer, statesman, and scholar
|Bharat Ratna 1963
|Activist, economist, and education philosopher served as a Vice-Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University and the Governor of Bihar
|Pandurang Vaman Kane
|Indologist and Sanskrit scholar, known for his five-volume literary work
|Bharat Ratna 1966
|Lal Bahadur Shastri
|Activist and served as the second Prime Minister of India
|Bharat Ratna 1971
|First women Prime Minister of India
|Bharat Ratna 1975
|V. V. Giri
|Bharat Ratna 1976
|Independence activist and statesman, former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
|Bharat Ratna 1980
|Catholic nun and the founder of the Missionaries of Charity.
|Activist, social reformer, and a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi
|Bharat Ratna 1987
|Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
|First noncitizen, independence activist
|Bharat Ratna 1988
|M. G. Ramachandran
|Actor turned politician, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
|Bharat Ratna 1990
|Social reformer and leader of the Dalits
|Leader of the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa, President of South Africa
|Bharat Ratna 1991
|Gandhi was the ninth Prime Minister of India serving from 1984 to 1989.
|Activist and first Deputy Prime Minister of India
|Activist, and Prime Minister of India
|Bharat Ratna 1992
|Abul Kalam Azad
|Activist and first Minister of education
|J. R. D. Tata
|Industrialist, philanthropist, and aviation pioneer
|Director, filmmaker, writer, novelist
|Bharat Ratna 1997
|Activist, and interim Prime Minister of India.
|Aruna Asaf Ali
|A.P.J Abdul Kalam
|Aerospace and defense scientist
|Bharat Ratna 1998
|M. S. Subbulakshmi
|Carnatic classical vocalist
|Activist and former Minister of Agriculture of India
|Bharat Ratna 1999
|Activist, and social reformer
|Musician, sitar player
|Bharat Ratna 2001
|Hindustani classical shehnai player
|Bharat Ratna 2009
|Hindustani classical vocalist
|Bharat Ratna 2014
|C. N. R. Rao
|Chemist and professor, author
|Bharat Ratna 2015
|Madan Mohan Malaviya
|Scholar and educational reformer.
|Atal Bihari Bajpayee
|Elected nine times to the Lok Sabha, twice to the Rajya Sabha, and served as the Prime Minister of India for three terms.
|Bharat Ratna 2019
|Indian politician, and senior leader in the Indian National Congress.
|A social activist from India, education, health, and rural self-reliance.
|Indian playback singer, lyricist, musician, singer, poet, and filmmaker from Assam.