Morarji Desai: Birth Anniversary Special

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Morarji Desai: Birth Anniversary Special

Morarji Desai was an Indian independence activist and politician who served as the fourth Prime Minister of India from 1977 to 1979. Morarji Bhai Desai was the Prime Minister of India who led the country’s first non-Congress government. Before becoming Prime Minister, he was also the Deputy Prime Minister of India from 1967–1969. Morarji Desai is the only person from India to have received the highest civilian honors of both India and Pakistan, i.e. Nishan-e-Pakistan and Bharat Ratna.

Morarji Desai was born on February 29, 1896 in Bhadeli, a village in Bombay Presidency (now Gujarat, India). This means that he was a politician whose birthday comes only once every four years. His father’s name was Ranchhodji Nagarji Desai and mother’s name was Vajiyaben Desai.

Morarji Desai Biography

1.Full NameMorarji Ranchodji Desai
2.Birth29 February 1896
3.Birth placeBhadeli village, Gujarat
4.WifeGujaraben (1911)
5.Children1 son
6.Death10 April 1995 (Delhi)
7.Political PartyCongress, Janata Dal

Timeline of Morarji Desai

  • 1896: Morarji Desai was born on 29 February 1896 at a place called Bhadeli in Gujarat.
  • 1918: In May 1918, he reached Ahmedabad as Deputy District Magistrate on probation.
  • 1930: Left the job of the British government and became a soldier in the freedom struggle.
  • 1931: In 1931 he became the Secretary of the Congress Committee of Gujarat State.
  • 1932: Morarji had to face 2 years in jail.
  • Till 1937: He was the Secretary of Gujarat Pradesh Congress Committee.
  • 1946: He was appointed to the Ministry of Home and Revenue, Bombay.
  • 1952: He became the Chief Minister of Bombay.
  • 1956: Joined the Union Cabinet as Minister of Commerce and Industry.
  • 1967: Minister in-charge of Finance in Indira Gandhi’s cabinet and also Deputy Prime Minister.
  • 1977: Sworn in as Prime Minister of India.
  • 1979: Morarji Desai breathed his last on 28 July 1979.
  • 1990: Morarji Desai was awarded Pakistan’s highest civilian honor Nishan-e-Pakistan on 19 May 1990.
  • 1991: Awarded Bharat Ratna.

Interesting Facts

  • He was the First Prime Minister who was from a party other than the Indian National Congress.
  • Only person from India to receive the highest civilian honor of both India (Bharat Ratna) and Pakistan (Nishan-e-Pakistan).
  • Morarji Desai was the first Deputy Prime Minister who later also became the Prime Minister.

List of Deputy Prime Ministers

Deputy Prime Ministers of India Tenure Prime Minister
Sardar Patel 1947–1950 Jawaharlal Nehru
Morarji Desai 1967–1969 Indira Gandhi
Charan Singh and Jagjivan Ram (jointly) 1979–1979 Morarji Desai
Y. B. Chavan 1979–1980 Chaudhary Charan Singh
Devi Lal 1989–1990 V.P. Singh
Devi Lal 1990–1991 Chandra Shekhar
L. K. Advani 2002–2004 Atal Bihari Vajpayee

List of Indian Prime Ministers

Prime Minister’s Names Term of Office
Jawahar Lal Nehru 15 Aug 1947 to 27 May 1964 (16Y, 286D)
Gulzarilal Nanda 27 May 1964 to 9 Jun (13D)
Lal Bahadur Shastri 9 Jun 1964 to 11 Jan 1966 (1Y, 216D)
Gulzarilal Nanda 11 Jan 1966, 24 Jan 1966 (13D)
Indira Gandhi 24 Jan 1966 to 24 Mar 1977 (11Y, 59D)
Morarji Desai 24 Mar 1977 to 28 Jul 1979 (2Y, 126D)
Charan Singh 28 Jul 1979 to 14 Jan 1980 (170D)
Indira Gandhi 14 Jan 1980 to 31 Oct 1984 (4Y, 291D)
Rajiv Gandhi 31 Oct 1984 to 2 Dec 1989 (5Y, 32D)
V. P. Singh 2 Dec 1989 to 10 Nov 1990 (343D)
Chandra Shekhar 10 Nov 1990 to 21 Jun 1991 (223D)
P. V. Narasimha Rao 21 Jun 1991 to 16 May 1996 (4Y, 330D)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee 16 May 1996 to 1 Jun 1996 (16D)
H. D. Deve Gowda 1 Jun 1996 to 21 April 1997 (324D)
Inder Kumar Gujral 21 April 1997 to 19 Mar 1998 (332D)
Atal Bihari Vajpayee 19 Mar 1998 to 22 May 2004 (6Y, 64D)
Manmohan Singh 22 May 2004 to 26 May 2014 (10Y, 4D)
Narendra Modi 26 May 2014 Present
*Y – Years | *D – Days

Bharat Ratna Award List

Year Recipients About
 Bharat Ratna 1954 C. Rajagopalachari Activist, statesman, and lawyer
 Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan  India’s first Vice-President and second President
C. V. Raman Physicists, mathematicians, and scientists
 Bharat Ratna 1955 Bhagwan Das Activist, philosopher, and educationist
M. Visvesvaraya Civil engineer, statesman, and Diwan of Mysore
Jawaharlal Nehru Activist and author served as the Prime Minister of India
Bharat Ratna 1957 Govind Ballabh Pant Activist and first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
Bharat Ratna 1958 Dhondo Keshav Karve Social reformer and educator
Bharat Ratna 1961 Bidhan Chandra Roy Physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker
Purushottam Das Tandon Activist and speaker of the United Provinces Legislative Assembly
Bharat Ratna 1962 Rajendra Prasad Activist, lawyer, statesman, and scholar
Bharat Ratna 1963 Zakir Husain Activist, economist, and education philosopher served as a Vice-Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University and the Governor of Bihar
Pandurang Vaman Kane Indologist and Sanskrit scholar, known for his five-volume literary work
Bharat Ratna 1966 Lal Bahadur Shastri Activist and served as the second Prime Minister of India
Bharat Ratna 1971 Indira Gandhi  First women Prime Minister of India
Bharat Ratna 1975 V. V. Giri Trade Unionist
Bharat Ratna 1976 K. Kamaraj Independence activist and statesman, former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
Bharat Ratna 1980 Mother Teresa  Catholic nun and the founder of the Missionaries of Charity.
1983 Vinoba Bhave  Activist, social reformer, and a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi
Bharat Ratna 1987 Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan First noncitizen, independence activist
Bharat Ratna 1988 M. G. Ramachandran Actor turned politician, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
Bharat Ratna 1990 B.R. Ambedkar Social reformer and leader of the Dalits
Nelson Mandela Leader of the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa, President of South Africa
Bharat Ratna 1991 Rajiv Gandhi Gandhi was the ninth Prime Minister of India serving from 1984 to 1989.
Vallabhbhai Patel Activist and first Deputy Prime Minister of India
Morarji Desai Activist, and Prime Minister of India
Bharat Ratna 1992 Abul Kalam Azad Activist and first Minister of education
J. R. D. Tata Industrialist, philanthropist, and aviation pioneer
Satyajit Ray Director, filmmaker, writer, novelist
Bharat Ratna 1997 Gulzarilal Nanda Activist, and interim Prime Minister of India.
Aruna Asaf Ali Activist
A.P.J Abdul Kalam Aerospace and defense scientist
Bharat Ratna 1998 M. S. Subbulakshmi Carnatic classical vocalist
Chidambaram Subramaniam Activist and former Minister of Agriculture of India
Bharat Ratna 1999 Jayaprakash Narayan  Activist, and social reformer
Amartya Sen Economist
Gopinath Bordoloi Activist
Ravi Shankar Musician, sitar player
Bharat Ratna 2001 Lata Mangeshkar Singer
Bismillah Khan Hindustani classical shehnai player
Bharat Ratna 2009 Bhimsen Joshi Hindustani classical vocalist
Bharat Ratna 2014 C. N. R. Rao  Chemist and professor, author
Sachin Tendulkar Cricketer
Bharat Ratna 2015 Madan Mohan Malaviya Scholar and educational reformer.
Atal Bihari Bajpayee Elected nine times to the Lok Sabha, twice to the Rajya Sabha, and served as the Prime Minister of India for three terms.
Bharat Ratna 2019 Pranab Mukherjee Indian politician, and senior leader in the Indian National Congress.
Nanaji Deshmukh A social activist from India, education, health, and rural self-reliance.
Bhupen Hazarika  Indian playback singer, lyricist, musician, singer, poet, and filmmaker from Assam.

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