Lal Krishna Advani: Best wishes for Bharat Ratna!

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Lal Krishna Advani: Best wishes for Bharat Ratna!

Lal Krishna Advani is a well-known name in Indian politics. He is a senior leader of Bharatiya Janata Party. On Friday, February 3, 2024, the then Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi announced the award of Bharat Ratna to Lal Krishna Advani. Let us know the biography of Lal Krishna Advani in this article.

Lal Krishna Advani Biography 

Advani was born on November 8, 1927. Lal Krishna Advani was born in Karachi, Sindh (then British India) into a Sindhi Hindu business family. Kishanchand D. Advani and Giani Devi were his parents.

He received his primary education in Karachi only. Thereafter, he joined D.G. Graduated from College Hyderabad, Sindh. After partition he came to India. He completed his law education from Government Law College.

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Political Trip

In 1941, he joined the Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh. He was 14 years old then. He became a full-time campaigner of the Sangh. Advani was sent as a campaigner to Matsya-Alwar in Rajasthan, where there was communal violence after partition. He worked in the districts of Alwar, Bharatpur, Kota, Bundi and Jhalawar.

When Syama Prasad Mukherjee founded the Bharatiya Jana Sangh in 1951, Advani moved to the Jana Sangh where he served in the role of party secretary. In the year 1970, he reached Parliament as a Rajya Sabha MP. When the BJP was formed after breaking away from the Jan Sangh, he, along with Atal Bihari Vajpayee, is credited with taking the BJP from 2 seats in 1984 to 182 seats in 1998. Many people also consider Advani’s Rath Yatra as the reason for the emergence of BJP.

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When the NDA government was formed under the leadership of Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Advani took over the responsibility of Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister.

Since 2014, he joined BJP’s Marg Darshak Mandal along with Lal Krishna Advani, Murli Manohar Joshi and Atal Bihari Vajpayee.

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L.K. Advani: A Timeline
November 8, 1927Lal Krishna Advani was born in Karachi, present-day Pakistan, to parents Kishan Chand and Gyanidevi Advani.
1936 -1942Studied at St. Patrick’s School, Karachi, standing first in every class till matriculation.
1942Joined RSS as a volunteer.
1942Dayaram Gidumal attended National College, Hyderabad during the Quit India Movement.
1944Worked as a teacher in Model High School, Karachi.
September 12, 1947Departure from Sindh to Delhi by propeller plane during Partition.
1947-1951Organized RSS work in Alwar, Bharatpur, Kota, Bundi and Jhalawar as RSS Secretary in Karachi branch.
early 1957Atal Bihari shifted to Delhi to assist Vajpayee.
1958-63He held the post of Secretary of Delhi State Jan Sangh.
1960-1967Joined Jan Sangh’s political magazine Organizer as assistant editor.
February 25, 1965Married to Kamala Advani, the Advani couple have two children, Pratibha and Jayant.
April, 1970Entered Rajya Sabha.
December, 1972Was elected President of Bharatiya Jana Sangh.
June 26, 1975 Arrested in Bangalore during the Emergency and taken to Bangalore Central Jail along with other BJS members.
March 1977 to July 1979

Took over the post of Union Minister of Information and Broadcasting. May 1986- Became the party president of Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP). He held the post of General Secretary of BJP.
May, 1986Was declared as the party president of BJP.
March 3, 1988Was again elected party president of BJP.
1988 Took the post of Home Minister in BJP government.
1990Ram Rath Yatra started from Somnath to Ayodhya.
1997Swarnjayanti Rath Yatra started to celebrate the Golden Jubilee of India’s Independence.
October, 1999 – May, 2004Union Cabinet Minister, Home Ministry
June, 2002 – May, 2004Deputy Prime Minister

List of Deputy Prime Ministers

Deputy Prime Ministers of India Tenure Prime Minister
Sardar Patel 1947–1950 Jawaharlal Nehru
Morarji Desai 1967–1969 Indira Gandhi
Charan Singh and Jagjivan Ram (jointly) 1979–1979 Morarji Desai
Y. B. Chavan 1979–1980 Chaudhary Charan Singh
Devi Lal 1989–1990 V.P. Singh
Devi Lal 1990–1991 Chandra Shekhar
L. K. Advani 2002–2004 Atal Bihari Vajpayee

Bharat Ratna Award List

Year Recipients About
 Bharat Ratna 1954 C. Rajagopalachari Activist, statesman, and lawyer
 Sarvapalli Radhakrishnan  India’s first Vice-President and second President
C. V. Raman Physicists, mathematicians, and scientists
 Bharat Ratna 1955 Bhagwan Das Activist, philosopher, and educationist
M. Visvesvaraya Civil engineer, statesman, and Diwan of Mysore
Jawaharlal Nehru Activist and author served as the Prime Minister of India
Bharat Ratna 1957 Govind Ballabh Pant Activist and first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh
Bharat Ratna 1958 Dhondo Keshav Karve Social reformer and educator
Bharat Ratna 1961 Bidhan Chandra Roy Physician, political leader, philanthropist, educationist, and social worker
Purushottam Das Tandon Activist and speaker of the United Provinces Legislative Assembly
Bharat Ratna 1962 Rajendra Prasad Activist, lawyer, statesman, and scholar
Bharat Ratna 1963 Zakir Husain Activist, economist, and education philosopher served as a Vice-Chancellor of Aligarh Muslim University and the Governor of Bihar
Pandurang Vaman Kane Indologist and Sanskrit scholar, known for his five-volume literary work
Bharat Ratna 1966 Lal Bahadur Shastri Activist and served as the second Prime Minister of India
Bharat Ratna 1971 Indira Gandhi  First women Prime Minister of India
Bharat Ratna 1975 V. V. Giri Trade Unionist
Bharat Ratna 1976 K. Kamaraj Independence activist and statesman, former Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
Bharat Ratna 1980 Mother Teresa  Catholic nun and the founder of the Missionaries of Charity.
1983 Vinoba Bhave  Activist, social reformer, and a close associate of Mahatma Gandhi
Bharat Ratna 1987 Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan First noncitizen, independence activist
Bharat Ratna 1988 M. G. Ramachandran Actor turned politician, Chief Minister of Tamil Nadu
Bharat Ratna 1990 B.R. Ambedkar Social reformer and leader of the Dalits
Nelson Mandela Leader of the Anti-Apartheid Movement in South Africa, President of South Africa
Bharat Ratna 1991 Rajiv Gandhi Gandhi was the ninth Prime Minister of India serving from 1984 to 1989.
Vallabhbhai Patel Activist and first Deputy Prime Minister of India
Morarji Desai Activist, and Prime Minister of India
Bharat Ratna 1992 Abul Kalam Azad Activist and first Minister of education
J. R. D. Tata Industrialist, philanthropist, and aviation pioneer
Satyajit Ray Director, filmmaker, writer, novelist
Bharat Ratna 1997 Gulzarilal Nanda Activist, and interim Prime Minister of India.
Aruna Asaf Ali Activist
A.P.J Abdul Kalam Aerospace and defense scientist
Bharat Ratna 1998 M. S. Subbulakshmi Carnatic classical vocalist
Chidambaram Subramaniam Activist and former Minister of Agriculture of India
Bharat Ratna 1999 Jayaprakash Narayan  Activist, and social reformer
Amartya Sen Economist
Gopinath Bordoloi Activist
Ravi Shankar Musician, sitar player
Bharat Ratna 2001 Lata Mangeshkar Singer
Bismillah Khan Hindustani classical shehnai player
Bharat Ratna 2009 Bhimsen Joshi Hindustani classical vocalist
Bharat Ratna 2014 C. N. R. Rao  Chemist and professor, author
Sachin Tendulkar Cricketer
Bharat Ratna 2015 Madan Mohan Malaviya Scholar and educational reformer.
Atal Bihari Bajpayee Elected nine times to the Lok Sabha, twice to the Rajya Sabha, and served as the Prime Minister of India for three terms.
Bharat Ratna 2019 Pranab Mukherjee Indian politician, and senior leader in the Indian National Congress.
Nanaji Deshmukh A social activist from India, education, health, and rural self-reliance.
Bhupen Hazarika  Indian playback singer, lyricist, musician, singer, poet, and filmmaker from Assam.

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